Periodontal Work for Older Adults
People are now living longer and healthier lives, and older adults are more likely than ever before to keep their teeth for a lifetime. However, research has shown that older people also have the highest rates of periodontal disease. In fact, at least half of people over the age of 55 have some form of periodontal disease, and almost one out of four people over 65 have lost all of their teeth.
Healthy Teeth and Gums Are Important At Any Age
No matter how old you are, it is important to keep your teeth and gums healthy. If you’ve succeeded in avoiding periodontal disease as you age, it is especially important to continue to maintain your oral care routine. Be sure to always brush and floss daily, and see a dental professional, such as a periodontist, regularly.
You should receive a comprehensive periodontal exam each year as well. This will ensure that your oral health (and even your overall health) stays at its best. If you have dexterity problems or a physical disability and are finding it difficult to properly brush or floss your teeth, your dentist or periodontist can suggest options such as an electric toothbrush or floss holder.
Other Diseases Put You At a Higher Risk for Periodontal Disease
Research has shown that periodontal disease is a chronic inflammatory disease that may put you at a higher risk for other kinds, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and Alzheimer’s.
During your regular visits with your dentist or periodontist, be sure to let him or her know if you have any of these medical conditions or if you have a family history of disease. Likewise, if you have been diagnosed with periodontal disease, it’s a good idea to share this information with your physician to ensure that you’re receiving appropriate care.
Medications Can Impact Your Oral Health As Well
You should also tell your dentist or periodontist about any medications you are taking, because many can impact your oral health and therefore affect your dental treatment. Hundreds of common medications – including antihistamines and ones for high blood pressure – can cause side effects such as soft tissue changes, taste changes, and gum overgrowth.
Another possible side effect of some medications is dry mouth, or xerostomia, a condition that leaves the mouth without enough saliva to wash away food from your teeth. This may leave you more susceptible to tooth decay and periodontal disease, and can also cause a sore throat, problems with speaking, and difficulty swallowing.
Special Concerns for Women
Women who are menopausal or post-menopausal may experience changes in their mouth, including xerostomia, pain or burning sensations in the gum tissue, and altered taste due to hormonal changes. Additionally, menopausal women should be concerned about osteoporosis, which can lead to tooth loss if the density of the bone that supports the teeth has decreased. Talk with your doctor about hormone replacement therapy or estrogen supplements, which may help symptoms of menopause.
Take Care of Your Teeth and Gums At Every Age
Maintaining your oral health should be a priority at any age. As you get older, be sure to continue to take care of your teeth and gums to ensure that they’ll stay healthy and strong for life!